A chronic condition, type 2 (or type II) diabetes affects the way in which the body works to metabolize the sugar or glucose levels. Glucose works as an energy fuel of the body and a fluctuation in the same can lead to several malfunctions in the bodily system. Insulin is a hormone that contributes by regulating the level of sugar in the cells. The development of type 2 diabetes may be either caused by the body’s resistance to the effects of insulin or the low levels of insulin production. During earlier times, type 2 diabetes was widely known to affect adults. However, the growth in the cases of childhood obesity has led to children too being diagnosed with the condition.
Type 2 diabetes cannot be cured. However, regularly practicing habits such as eating healthy, exercising daily and losing weight can aid in managing the disease. In case of extreme conditions that cannot be managed with the stated techniques, medication and insulin therapy is used. Insulin therapy is a very common form of treatment for managing Type 2 diabetes. Insulin is taken through injection and may involve long-term or short-term usage. Here are a few considerations when using insulin to safely manage type 2 diabetes:
1. Insulin dosage and type
There are several insulin formulations on the market, including those that are premixed and meant for short or long-term acting. Importantly, the dosage of insulin is adjusted based on the regular sugar level readings. Insulin types and dosing schedule are greatly driven by how advanced the condition is and other physical aspects. There is no standard dose of insulin that works for everyone and factors such as medical health, age, weight, diet and physical activities too are considered.
2. Test and adjust dosage
It is important to self-test the insulin under the guidance of a medical team before a schedule is designed. During the period of testing and adjustment, the patient is also asked to check and record the blood sugar levels at least 3 times a day. Information such as sugar levels before a meal, post meals, and fasting are used to prepare the injecting regimen.
3. Regular check ups
Patients are always recommended to stay in contact with the physician as they continue use of insulin. A regular check up will ensure that the sugar level is stabilized, and the body is being injected with appropriate levels of insulin.
4. Hypoglycemia prevention
Sometimes, there may be a drop in sugar levels even when under therapy or medication. The condition is known as hypoglycemia and it is imperative to be aware of the symptoms that include confusion, dizziness, shakiness, and shivers. These symptoms should be managed effectively by chewing on candies or drinking fruit juices.
Controlling type 2 diabetes is the goal of insulin therapy. This therapy when combined with self-care management and activities can bring good results. The sooner control is achieved, the lesser will be the occurrence of complications. It also slows down the progression of the condition thus, helping the patient lead an as normal as possible life.