The menstruation period or the period cycle is never the favorite time of the month for women. From menstrual cramps to the constant throbbing and discomfort, the given days can interfere with the daily lifestyle and activities. But what is even more frustrating is the occurrence of irregular menstruation. Irregular menstruation or oligomenorrhea is very common during puberty and menopause. However, it is a matter of concern for women in their reproductive years.
Irregular menstruation can be triggered by several underlying causes such as hormonal imbalance and health conditions. Not only is it difficult to predict, but irregular menstruation can also be more discomforting. The PMS symptoms are much more severe, and the period flow is heavier or longer than normal. Here are 5 possible causes that can be responsible for irregular menstruation:
- Fluctuation in body weight:
Women who are overweight commonly experience missed or ultra-light periods. Typically, when the BMI drops below the level of 18 or 19, one will be experienced skipped period cycles. Also, suddenly following a super diet or skipping essential meals during the day can trigger spotty or unusual periods. Obesity is also a driving cause of irregular menstruation because of the direct relationship between the sensitivity of insulin and production of hormones.
- Birth control substances:
The regular use of hormonal birth control can directly meddle with the regular menstrual cycle. Missed or light periods are the most common side effects of these pills. Birth control pills are found to influence the period flow. There are also some shots that can cease menstruation altogether. The same effects may be experienced with implants. In the case of resorting to hormonal birth control, the same must be considered if there is a missed period.
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:
PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a growing concern today and has come to light due to the advent of research on the human endocrine system. The most consistent symptom of PCOS is irregular menstruation. It also interferes with the ability of one to get pregnant. The earlier the diagnosis of PCOS, the lesser are its effects.
- Certain medical conditions:
There are numerous medical conditions that can affect regular menstruation. Some of the common health issues include thyroid functions, diabetes, celiac disease, cancer, and reproductive anatomical abnormalities. Thus, it is essential to undergo a regular medical checkup to rule out any of the medical conditions that are related to menstrual woes.
Stress has a negative role to play in most conditions and it is also linked to irregular menstruation. The clutches of stress can take over the normal functions of the period cycle and lead to a light-flow or missed cycles. While there are several studies that must be still concluded to understand how much stress is too much, the physician will be able to determine if stress is the underlying cause.
In case of irregular menstruation for too long, it is essential to visit a medical physician who can aid in determining if the cycle is in fact, irregular. Commonly, it is not a sign of a serious health condition but must be addressed before it poses a more severe issue.